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Image: ImmYOUnity Essential truths about immunization
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Infant Vaccines and
Vaccines for Children

A look at infant vaccines and vaccines for children up to 6 years of age

Current childhood vaccine recommendations call for immunization against 15 vaccine-preventable diseases.49 That may sound like a lot, but remember, vaccines engage only a tiny part of a healthy baby's immune system—yet they offer broader protection against many serious diseases than ever before.48

Image: Vaccines for Infants and Young Children

Recommended infant vaccinations and child vaccines

Chickenpox Vaccine

Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine

You may think of chickenpox as a normal part of childhood, but it can be dangerous. Before the vaccine, chickenpox caused 100 to 150 deaths each year in the United States.30

Diphtheria Vaccination

Diphtheria vaccination

The "D" in the Tdap, DTaP and Td vaccines stands for diphtheria. Before the vaccine, diphtheria caused more than 15,000 deaths in children in the United States during a single year.72

Read more about the Tdap vaccine
Flu Vaccine

Flu (influenza) vaccine

Flu seasons vary, but each year children die from the flu.133 In 2009, more than 340 children died from the swine flu (H1N1).73 The best way to protect against flu is to get vaccinated every year.74

Read more about the flu vaccine
Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine

HepA is a dangerous virus you can get from consuming contaminated food or water. Some infected children do not show symptoms—a factor that plays a role in the spread of the disease.57

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine

Of children infected with HepB between 1 and 5 years of age, 30% to 50% have chronic or lifelong Hep B infection that can cause serious health complications.57

Read more about the hepatitis B vaccine
Hib Vaccine

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) vaccine

Before vaccines, Hib was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings) in children under the age of 5.57

Measles Vaccination

Measles vaccination

Measles is one of the most infectious viral diseases in the world.30 Before the vaccine, nearly everyone in the United States got the measles, and today outbreaks still occur.30,62

Mumps Vaccination

Mumps vaccination

Mumps is a viral disease that causes swollen glands in the neck and jaw area. Before the vaccine, mumps was a major cause of deafness and brain damage in children.30

Pneumococcal Vaccine

Pneumococcal vaccine

Pneumococcal disease is a bacterial infection transmitted from an infected person. It can lead to pneumonia, meningitis, blood infections, deafness, brain damage, and death.72

Polio Vaccine

Polio vaccine

The United States hasn't seen polio since 1979, but scientists are wondering if it could come back. From 2009 to 2010, 23 countries that had previously been certified "polio-free" were re-infected due to imported cases of the disease.22

Read more about the polio vaccine
Rubella Vaccination

Rubella vaccination

Rubella, or German measles, can cause miscarriages and premature birth in pregnant women. Before routine use of the vaccine, 20,000 infants were born with birth defects as the result of rubella from 1964 to 1965.30

Rotavirus Vaccine

Rotavirus vaccine

Every year, rotavirus causes the deaths of more than 500,000 children under 5 years of age worldwide.57 This highly contagious intestinal viral disease can cause severe diarrhea with fever and vomiting, which can make children dangerously dehydrated.72

Tetanus Vaccination

Tetanus vaccination

The "T" in DTaP, Tdap, and Td vaccine stands for tetanus. DTaP and Tdap vaccines also help protect infants and children against diphtheria and whooping cough, known medically as pertussis.154

Read more about the Tdap vaccine
Pertussis Vaccination

Whooping cough (pertussis) vaccination

Pertussis has gotten some attention recently because it is on the rise in the United States.57 Infants may not be fully protected against pertussis until they have received at least 3 doses of the infant pertussis vaccine.57,25

Read more about the Tdap vaccine

Vaccines for children at higher risk

When a child belongs to a high-risk group, a health care professional may recommend vaccines that aren't usually given to someone under 6 years of age.

Meningitis (Meningococcal) Vaccine

Meningitis vaccine

Meningitis fact: Although meningococcal disease rates are higher among adolescents, the vaccine is recommended for certain high-risk children 9 months to 10 years of age.49

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV)

Pneumococcal vaccine

Additional doses of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) may be recommended for certain high-risk children 24 months of age or older.49

Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A vaccine

Additional doses of Hepatitis A (Hep A) vaccine may be recommended for certain high-risk children 24 months of age.49