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Image: ImmYOUnity Essential truths about immunization
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Vaccines for

Infants and Young Children

A look at infant vaccines and vaccines for children through 6 years of age

Current childhood vaccine recommendations call for immunization against 15 vaccine-preventable diseases.49 That may sound like a lot, but remember, vaccines engage only a tiny part of a healthy baby's immune system—yet they offer broader protection against many serious diseases than ever before.48

Image: Vaccines for Infants and Young Children

Recommended infant vaccinations and child vaccines

Chickenpox Vaccine

Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine

You may think of chickenpox as a normal part of childhood, but it can be dangerous. Before the vaccine, chickenpox caused 100 to 150 deaths each year in the United States.30

Read more at cdc.gov
Diphtheria Vaccination

Diphtheria vaccination

The "D" in the Tdap, DTaP, and Td vaccines stands for diphtheria. Before the vaccine, diphtheria caused more than 15,000 deaths in children in the United States per year.72

Read more about the Tdap vaccine
Flu Vaccine

Flu (influenza) vaccine

Each year, an average of 20,000 children under 5 years of age are hospitalized because of flu complications. Flu seasons vary in severity, but children die from the flu each year.73 During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, more than 340 pediatric deaths were reported to CDC.170

Read more about the flu vaccine
Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A (Hep A) vaccine

HepA is a dangerous virus you can get from consuming contaminated food or water. Some infected children do not show symptoms—a factor that plays a role in the spread of the disease.57

Read more at cdc.gov
Hepatitis B Vaccine

Hepatitis B (Hep B) vaccine

Of children infected with HepB between 1 and 5 years of age, 30% to 50% will have chronic or lifelong Hep B infection that can cause serious health complications.57

Read more about the hepatitis B vaccine
Hib Vaccine

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) vaccine

Before vaccines, Hib was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings) in children under the age of 5 years.57

Read more at cdc.gov
Measles Vaccination

Measles vaccination

Measles is one of the most infectious diseases in the world.30 Before the vaccine, nearly everyone in the United States got the measles, and today outbreaks still occur.30,62

Read more at cdc.gov
Mumps Vaccination

Mumps vaccination

Mumps is a viral disease that causes swollen glands in the neck and jaw area. Before the vaccine, mumps was a major cause of deafness and brain damage in children.30

Read more at cdc.gov
Pneumococcal Vaccine

Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine

Pneumococcal disease is a bacterial infection transmitted from an infected person. As recently as 1998, about 188 of every 100,000 children younger than 2 years of age in the United States developed invasive pneumococcal disease.171

Read more at cdc.gov
Polio Vaccine

Polio vaccine

The United States hasn't seen polio since 1979, but scientists are wondering if it could come back. Failure to stop polio in the last remaining areas where the disease is still common (3 countries as of 2014) could result in as many as 200,000 new cases every year, within 10 years, all over the world.22

Read more about the polio vaccine
Rubella Vaccination

Rubella vaccination

Rubella, or German measles, can cause miscarriages and premature birth in pregnant women. Before routine use of the vaccine, 20,000 infants were born with birth defects as the result of rubella from 1964 to 1965.30

Read more at cdc.gov
Rotavirus Vaccine

Rotavirus vaccine

Every year, rotavirus causes the deaths of more than 500,000 children under 5 years of age worldwide.57 This highly contagious intestinal viral disease can cause severe diarrhea with fever and vomiting, which can make children dangerously dehydrated.72

Read more at cdc.gov
Tetanus Vaccination

Tetanus vaccination

The "T" in DTaP, Tdap, and Td vaccine stands for tetanus. DTaP and Tdap vaccines also help protect infants and children against diphtheria and whooping cough, known medically as pertussis.154

Read more about the Tdap vaccine
Pertussis Vaccination

Whooping cough (pertussis) vaccination

Pertussis has gotten some attention recently because it is on the rise in the United States.57 Infants may not be fully protected against pertussis until they have received at least 3 doses of the infant pertussis vaccine.57,25

Read more about the Tdap vaccine

Vaccines for children at higher risk

When a child belongs to a high-risk group, a health care professional may recommend vaccines that aren't usually given to someone under 6 years of age.

Meningitis (Meningococcal) vaccine

Meningitis (Meningococcal) vaccine

Meningitis fact: In addition to being recommended universally for adolescents, the meningitis (meningococcal) vaccine is recommended for certain high-risk children 2 months through 10 years of age.49

Read more at cdc.gov
Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV)

Pneumococcal vaccine

Additional doses of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) may be recommended for certain high-risk children 24 months of age or older.49

Read more at cdc.gov
Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A vaccine

Additional doses of Hepatitis A (Hep A) vaccine may be recommended for certain high-risk children 24 months of age or older.49

Read more at cdc.gov